On Avoidance

I remember when I was a teenager my mum used to say I thought too much.

This really threw me, because I didn’t understand how there could be such a thing as thinking too much.

How was it possible to think too much? It seemed to me that that was tantamount to saying I breathed too much.

Thinking just seemed to be a part of life for me. In fact, I thought that thinking a lot was a sign of intelligence.

But now I’m older, I understand what mum was saying. Now I realise there are different kinds of thinking.

To put it in very basic terms for the sake of this post, there is productive thinking, and there is unproductive thinking.

Now when I say unproductive thinking, what I’m talking about is mental rumination, or worry. It is when your thoughts go in loops and don’t lead to any outcomes.

This kind of thinking can lead to depression, anxiety, or can be a symptom of depression or anxiety.

I was in the habit of analysing everything when I was younger, to the point where it gave me brain-strain.

My overthinking used to stress me out and cause me worry. It caused me a suffering that wasn’t necessary.

It wasn’t, as I thought, a cross that I must bear, a marker of intellect, the brand of the ‘tortured artist’. I was making myself ill, without realizing it.

Why was I doing this to myself?

So why was I causing myself suffering in this way?

I should note that I’m not a mental health expert by any means, but mental health is something that interests me greatly. After all, it has impacted my own life, and indeed it impacts us all.

I’m a big fan of the 20th century psychoanalyst Carl Jung (anyone who truly knows me knows this fact about me!) Ever since I first read about him in Julia Cameron’s The Artist’s Way, I felt we had a lot in common in our viewpoints on life.

So naturally, I was interested in his opinion on anxiety and overthinking.

Jung said that anxiety is a form of avoidance, and that neuroses are a way of avoiding coping with life’s challenges:

“The perpetual hesitation of the neurotic to launch out into life is readily explained by his desire to stand aside so as not to get involved in the dangerous struggle for existence. But anyone who refuses to experience life must stifle his desire to live – in other words, he must commit partial suicide.”

Carl Jung, Symbols of Transformation

Sounds harsh, right? And decidedly un-modern in its viewpoint. The modern treatment of the subject of anxiety is that anxiety is an illness that has to be managed.

There are many different anxiety disorders that are recognized these days. Some examples are:

  • Generalized anxiety disorder
  • Social anxiety disorder
  • Obsessive compulsive disorder
  • Body dysmorphia
  • Health anxiety
  • Panic disorder
  • Phobias
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder

A sufferer often has more than one of these conditions at a time. And speaking as a former sufferer myself, treating individual anxiety disorders can feel like a game of whack-a-mole; as soon as you’ve got on top of one, another comes to take its place.

Which made me think that anxiety is just an energy, which can channel itself into multiple avenues of thought and behaviour patterns.

Naturally, it tends to channel itself towards the common everyday concerns that people have, i.e. their appearance, cleanliness, health etc.

But of course, in the anxiety sufferer, these worries are more than just a passing concern, and become more pressing and troubling in nature.

More on that later.

So, as I said, anxiety these days is often treated as an illness that has to be managed, with medication, cognitive behavioral therapies, mantras, meditations, hypnosis, self-help books etc.

But who does this viewpoint serve, I wonder? Does it serve the individual with anxiety? Or does it serve the burgeoning pharmaceutical and self-help industry?

After all, isn’t it much more profitable to break anxiety down into different distinct mental illnesses, with a range of treatments, rather than just saying anxiety is an energy that is stored in the nervous system, that can express itself in many ways?

Could Carl Jung be right?

Well, let’s use myself as an example.

What was I avoiding with my obsessive worrying?

Well, quite a lot really, considering this problem really took hold in my late teens.

It is known that anxiety disorders tend to materialize in a person’s teens and early twenties.

This is because the brain is still going through a lot of changes, and the teens (especially late teens) and early twenties are usually a time of great upheaval in a person’s life.

It’s usually when you’re truly tested, for the first time. You have to make big decisions about education, work and maybe housing. Perhaps you will travel by yourself for the first time, or enter your first romantic relationship.

You’re venturing out into the adult world, and maybe it’s exciting, but it can also be scary. It’s a time of great changes, and Jung concurred that such times can trigger the onset of anxiety:

“The outbreak of the neurosis is not just a matter of chance. As a rule it is most critical. It is usually the moment when a new psychological adjustment, a new adaptation, is demanded.”

Carl Jung, Freud and Psychoanalysis

Now, just to clarify, I do believe anxiety is biologically based, to some extent. I think it’s fair to say that some people are more prone to anxiety than others.

And I know for a fact that caffeine sensitivity can trigger anxiety-like symptoms, as caffeine stimulates the central nervous system. I know now, looking back, that excessive caffeine consumption was a factor in my own case.

But there can be a mental component too.

It’s not hard to see how my anxiety and worry about stupid stuff become a form of avoidance. I used to sweat the small stuff because it distracted me from facing up to the bigger issues, like making decisions about my future.

Usually the process of decision making involves balancing logic with your values, i.e. your feelings about stuff.

Which leads me on to my next point.

Worrying about something can temporarily distract you from your emotions and make you feel better in the short term, but it doesn’t solve the issues long-term.

So, one of life’s biggest challenges, for me, ironically, was learning to face up to life’s challenges, in healthy ways.

And this involves not trying to avoid or change your feelings.

You’ve got to learn to feel your feelings

Maybe this actually comes naturally for some people. But in my case, I think my neuroses were not just a way of trying to avoid challenges but also my negative and ‘bad’ feelings about stuff.

But the thing is, there’s nothing wrong with feeling scared, anxious or down from time to time. Welcome to the human experience!

But I can’t help feeling that Western consumerist society implicitly tells us that not being happy all the time is bad.

Many people try to avoid their negative feelings in all sorts of ways. For me, it was through worries and obsessions.

Addictive behaviors can also be a form of avoidance. For example, mindlessly scrolling social media or watching TV. It could be drinking to drown your feelings, taking drugs, overeating or shopping. It could be a combination of all these things.

But trying to avoid your feelings with various distractions doesn’t solve the underlying issue. And it doesn’t get rid of the feelings – they’re still there, but just suppressed.

Suppressed feelings are the worst. They can burst out at unexpected times and cause you to do crazy things.

There’s that phrase – feel the fear and do it anyway. And what is avoidance, but fear?

You don’t need to let your emotions get in the way of doing what you want to do in life.

Only by allowing feelings and letting them work through you will they leave your system. Letting them get trapped in your system is how emotional disorders evolve.

I’ve been reading At Last A Life And Beyond by Paul David, and he really drives this point home. That anxiety is just stored up stress energy in the body.

It is not a disorder that must be managed. Stress must be released, and the only way to do this is to allow yourself to feel it, and not try to change or suppress how you feel.

Anxiety is a natural feeling and not an illness, and only by suppressing it does it become an issue.

We’re often led to believe that anxiety is bad. We should not feel anxiety. But guess what? Thinking this way creates more anxiety, and it becomes a self-perpetuating loop.

The message of At Last A Life And Beyond, written by a former severe anxiety sufferer, is: anxiety is okay. It’s natural! It’s an in-built survival mechanism.

But it’s important to differentiate between situations that SHOULD make us feel anxious, and those we really don’t need to worry about.

In the latter situation, while it’s okay to feel anxiety, you shouldn’t let it change your behaviour, i.e. by using avoidance as a coping strategy. Just feel the fear and do whatever you want to do anyway.

So, the author encourages the reader to reflect on a valuable question: what do I have to be genuinely anxious about?

What do I have to be genuinely anxious about?

Ignore the rhetoric about the ‘Age of Anxiety’. There will always be stuff to worry about, no matter what period of history you live in. I’m guessing those that lived in the late Middle Ages were pretty worried about the Black Death.

Your ‘fight or flight’ mode is an in-built survival mechanism built in to protect you.

BUT, here in the developed world, we have food and shelter. We can safely assume you’re not going to be killed by a lion as soon as you step out your front door.

So, ask yourself this question:

What do I have to be genuinely anxious about?

Asking yourself this might put a lot of things into perspective for you. Of course, if you’re anything like me, there will still be some things that cause you worry, even if they’re not life or death situations.

But anxiety is a natural part of life. If you’re reading this article, I’m sure you’re the type of person who is doing their best in life. And that’s all you can do.

If you’re worried about an event coming up, these things always pass. We move on, and life continues.

And the vast majority of the time, it seems, the things we worry about never come to pass. And even if they do, we find a way to cope.


Anxiety does have a biological factor; after all, it is a natural stress response in the body. Some people and demographics may be more vulnerable to feelings of anxiety. And stimulants such as caffeine can also produce the effects of anxiety, especially when taken in large doses.

But I also think there’s something in Carl Jung’s view that anxiety is a form of avoidance. After all, anxiety often leads to avoidant behaviour patterns.

But, as we all know, facing your fears can lead to personal growth, and happiness beyond which the habitual neurotic has ever known.

So, take the writer Paul David’s advice, and ask yourself, “What do I have to be genuinely anxious about?”

And, when you find yourself worrying or obsessing about something, or indulging in addictive or compulsive behaviours, no matter what label has been attached to your anxiety (generalized, social or OCD), it may be worth asking yourself, “What am I avoiding?”

Useful Links

Here are some links you may find useful if you’re interested in finding out more about resources referred to in this article, anxiety and emotional management:

A great video and article summarising Jung’s key thoughts on anxiety disorders
Some thoughts on the function of worrying and tips for overcoming it
Includes the ‘Ride The Wild Horse Meditation’, for helping you to become aware of, and to process, emotions you’re avoiding
A link to Paul David’s book and his website

20 Cool Health Benefits Of Quitting Caffeine

Caffeine consumption is a huge part of modern culture, and can even form a significant part of a person’s identity (check out Twitter’s #WritingCommunity if you don’t believe me). But what if I told you about all the benefits you could experience if you made the decision to quit your coffee addiction?

Many people rely on caffeine to feel focused and awake, but it also comes with some annoying side effects, including anxiety, headaches and digestive issues. There are many potential health benefits that come with quitting caffeine, including improved sleep and digestion and less anxiety.

Without further ado, here are 20 cool reasons why you should at least consider giving up your Starbucks dependency:

1. Be Free From An Addiction

Have you ever tried quitting caffeine cold-turkey? I’m guessing you got some unpleasant withdrawal symptoms, ranging from fatigue and brain fog to a pounding headache.

This is because caffeine is an addictive substance, though just how addictive will depend upon the individual.

Caffeine is at least somewhat addictive for most people, though some would say it’s highly addictive.

Depending upon caffeine just to function or stay awake becomes a vicious cycle.

Becoming dependent upon caffeine changes your brain’s chemistry, which means you become desensitized to its effects. This means you will quickly build up a tolerance, and need more caffeine to achieve the same results.

Quitting caffeine breaks this cycle, so you will no longer need a drug to function normally.

2. Lower Your Blood Pressure

Quitting caffeine can be good for your blood pressure.

Because it acts as a stimulant upon your nervous system, caffeine can raise your blood pressure a few points.

A high intake of 3 to 5 cups a day has also been associated with a stronger risk of heart disease.

3. Improve Sleep Quality

Caffeine has a half-life of about five hours, meaning that your body metabolizes half the amount of caffeine you drank in five hours.

However, the rest of the caffeine can linger in your system for quite a long time. It depends upon the individual, but caffeine can stay in your system for up to 36 hours!

Drinking caffeine too late in the day can interfere with your ability to fall asleep.

Those who suffer from insomnia, or who are highly sensitive to caffeine, should consider restricting their caffeine intake to the morning only, or cutting it out altogether.

Photo by Ketut Subiyanto on Pexels.com

4. Improve Energy Levels

If you drink caffeine to compensate for a lack of sleep, listen up.

Getting into a regular caffeine habit effectively means you’re running your body on credit. Caffeine only tricks your body into having more energy by blocking adenosine receptors in the brain which promote sleep.

Caffeine also raises your stress levels. It does this by releasing the stress hormone cortisol. This increases your blood sugar and insulin levels, which in turn increase inflammation, leaving you feeling tired and miserable.

5. Decrease Anxiety

If you suffer from anxiety issues, you may want to lay off the caffeine.

Caffeine stimulates the central nervous system, affecting our adrenal glands and blocking the adenosine receptors in the brain.

So, while downing a cup of coffee may give you a temporary jolt of energy, it’ll not be without accompanying issues such as sweaty palms, nervousness, jitteriness and irritability.

Quitting caffeine makes many people feel calmer and experience lower levels of anxiety.

6. Clearer Thinking

It’s commonly reported by people who have successfully weaned themselves off caffeine that their thoughts are clearer.

So why is this?

Drinking caffeine releases adrenaline, which triggers the “fight or flight” response – our ancient survival mechanism. This puts you into a hyper-aroused state, which sidesteps rational thought in favor of a quick response. This is great if you’re being chased by a lion, but not so good if you find yourself in an argument with a friend or spouse.

When you’re in this state, your emotions rule over your rational brain, which can cause you problems in the long-term, both with effective decision-making in life, and with your relationships with others.

7. Less Headaches

Caffeine is a common cause of headaches. It can trigger headaches directly, or through caffeine withdrawal.

Caffeine is a common migraine trigger and you can also get headaches by consuming too much caffeine.

Headaches are a common side effect of caffeine withdrawal. Anyone who’s been too busy for their morning coffee can testify to this statement!

8. Cut Out Empty Calories

This one depends on how you consume your caffeine. If you drink black coffee with no sugar you can skip over this bit.


Caffeinated beverages add empty calories to our diets.

Sugary drinks are believed to be a driver of obesity. And caffeinated sugary beverages are an issue because the caffeine in them makes you want to consume more of that sugary drink.

Even if you have just one Monster Energy Drink a day, that’s an extra 200 calories you’re consuming through that drink alone.

If you’re more the Starbucks Vanilla Latte type, that’s an extra 250 calories a day.

Caffeine also stimulates the release of cortisol, the stress hormone, which is a big factor in developing belly fat.

9. Fewer Toilet Breaks

Drinking caffeinated drinks causes us to need to urinate more frequently. In some people they can even cause incontinence, or worsen an existing problem.

Caffeine is a diuretic, which means it increases both the amount of urine your bladder produces and the frequency with which you need to urinate. It can also irritate the bladder, causing involuntary contractions which can lead to ‘urge incontinence’ over time.

All of this can be an issue when you’re stuck in an important meeting, watching a film at the cinema or out on a long walk or drive.

So, quitting means you’ll need to use the bathroom less often.

10. Healthy Teeth

Tea and coffee can stain your teeth. This is due to the tannins in these beverages building up on your tooth enamel, which can cause yellow stains to appear over time.

Meanwhile, sugary energy drinks erode your tooth enamel which can lead to tooth decay.

So, if you want to keep your teeth pearly white and healthy, consider cutting out these drinks.

11. Improve Your Diet

Many bottled caffeinated drinks contain preservatives that can have negative impacts on our health and are banned in some countries.

Sugar-free energy drinks and fizzy drinks contain artificial sweeteners which can also be bad for our health. 

Cutting these ingredients out of your diet could be a helpful step for your long-term wellbeing.

12. Caffeine Will Work Really Well When You Need It

As with any drug, your body will quickly build up a tolerance to caffeine.

If you consume caffeine daily, you’ll find that you soon start feeling like you need it in order to function. Drinking that coffee will help you feel ‘normal’, rather than triggering the euphoric feelings it once did before your tolerance was built up.

A major benefit of quitting caffeine is it allows you to get rid of this dependency and reset your body’s tolerance to the drug. This means that caffeine will work really well on the occasions you need it to, whether it’s rising in the early morning for a long drive to the airport or the epic day of household chores ahead of you.

13. Eliminate The Risk Of Medication Interactions

You probably already know that caffeine is a common ingredient added to painkillers, because it helps them to work more effectively (caffeine in itself does work as a mild painkiller).

However, caffeine can also have bad interactions with some medications, preventing them from working as effectively.

If you quit caffeine, you can eliminate this risk.

14. Be Free Of Jitters

One of the most infamous side-effects of caffeine is the dreaded jitters, or shaky hands. This is especially common if you have had a high caffeine intake.

Severity can vary from person to person. What’s merely annoying for some can be debilitating for others.

If you quit caffeine, you can get your steady hands back.

15. Improve Your Overall Mood

Caffeine causes peaks and troughs in your mood throughout the day. We’ve all been around that person who’s grumpy until they’ve had their morning coffee. Maybe you’re that person!

Then of course there’s the slump that comes once the caffeine starts to wear off, leaving you feeling lethargic.

Quitting caffeine helps to even out these ups and downs. Some people find that they feel overall more cheerful and energetic once they’ve come off caffeine.

Caffeine may also exacerbate symptoms for those who struggle with anxiety or depression.

It should be noted that a study found that higher caffeine intake led to an increased risk of depression in teenagers.

16. Calm Your Heart Rate

Caffeine causes the heart rate and blood pressure to increase. It also causes the heart muscle to contract with more force.

This isn’t a health issue for most people, but it can be a risk for those with underlying heart conditions.

17. Reduce The Risk Of Diabetes 

Research has suggested that drinking black coffee without sugar can reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. 

However, drinking coffee with sugar, or other sugary caffeinated beverages, can increase your risk of developing diabetes.

18. A Healthier Digestion

Caffeine can be problematic for your digestive system.

Anyone who’s had an ‘attack of the bowels’ after drinking a strong coffee will know what I’m talking about here.

Caffeine has a laxative effect, stimulating the bowels, which can result in loose stools and even diarrhea.

Caffeine can also contribute to the development of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).

Photo by Jane Doan on Pexels.com

19. Better Nutrient Absorption

Caffeine increases the production of stress hormones in the body, which puts your body in fight-or-flight mode. 

This prepares your body for action, which means digestion goes on the back burner, resulting in a hampered digestion and less absorption of important nutrients.

The tannins in caffeine are believed to inhibit the absorption of calcium, iron and B vitamins, along with important minerals like manganese, zinc and copper. It can also increase the excretion of potassium, magnesium, sodium and phosphate.

This is especially true if you have a very high caffeine intake, an imbalanced diet, or are of an older age.

Eliminating caffeine can ensure you’re getting all possible nutrients from your diet.

20. Balance Out Female Hormones

If you’re biologically female, you may especially benefit from living caffeine-free.

A 2012 study found that drinking 200 milligrams (about 2 cups) or more of caffeine a day interfered with estrogen levels in women. It elevated estrogen levels for black and Asian women, and slightly lowered estrogen levels for white women.

This may be of concern if you have an increased risk for health conditions such as endometriosis, breast cancers, and ovarian cancers.

Although there’s no direct link between caffeine and these conditions, high estrogen is correlated with the origins of these conditions.

Caffeine is also known to worsen some premenstrual symptoms, such as anger, anxiety and irritability, especially when drunk on an empty stomach.

It can also worsen menopausal symptoms, such as hot flashes and anxiety.


So, as you can see, there are lots of potential benefits of quitting caffeine. That being said, you don’t necessarily need to cut caffeine out of your diet entirely. Some people are more sensitive to the effects of caffeine than others, and may benefit more from reducing or quitting caffeine.

Caffeine does have some positive benefits for some people. But if you find that you regularly get troublesome side effects, it might be time to take an honest look at your caffeine consumption, and try cutting down.

Update: A few days in beautiful Anglesey

A few days ago, I returned from a trip to Anglesey in North Wales, and I feel like a different person!

What a beautiful place, with its wild beaches, fields, rocky crags and long straight roads that run like ribbons through the open landscape.

I did a great deal of walking while I was there and got loads of fresh sea air. Everywhere there were beautiful natural sights, and I enjoyed spotting ravens flying overhead and looking for red squirrels in the forests.

My favourite part was the huge Newborough Forest, with its beautiful Corsican pine trees and the adjoining beach, Llanddwyn Beach, which stretches out for over a mile. It was quite a windy day, and raining a bit. There’s something exhilarating about facing the vast, raw power of the sea, with the wind and the rain in your face!

Photographs don’t do Anglesey justice, to be honest. But anyway, here are some of the wild, beautiful and strange sights I saw in Anglesey and it’s adjoining small island, Holy Island (also known as Holyhead Island by the English):

Holyhead Mountain, near the top
Plas Newydd House
Bryn Celli Ddu Burial Chamber
A hill fort on Holy Island
Newborough Forest
A ferry crossing the Irish Sea. That’s the Isle of Man in the distance!
A watchtower on Holy Island

Although I’m no longer there, the feeling hasn’t left me. Anglesey lives on inside me.

I have a desire to explore more of North Wales and I’ve even started learning Welsh!

This was a break that I was really looking forward to and I believe it did me a lot of good; it inspired me.

It has reminded me of the importance of being in nature, and the good it does for my sense of wellbeing. I feel inspired to go out walking more in my own beautiful county, Shropshire.

In other news, I’m partaking in National Novel Writing Month (NaNoWriMo) this November, on my own terms, for a creative project that wants to emerge from my subconscious mind.

The aim of NaNoWriMo is to write 2,000 words every day for the month of November, so that by the end of the month you have a 60,000-word first draft for a novel.

I’m not sure that what I have in mind is a novel, so I’m adapting this for my own ends. I’m also not going to focus on word count, but rather focus on working a little on my project every day in the evenings.

That’s all really! That’s the update on my life.

I will be uploading another article very soon on this website about the benefits of quitting caffeine.

After that I plan to upload on a more regular basis than I have been doing, work permitting.

Bye for now!



What is Lo-fi Music and Why is it so Popular?

Photo by Elviss Railijs Bitu0101ns on Pexels.com

Lo-fi music became a major genre during the global lockdowns of 2020. Many people found themselves stuck at home all day, trying to find the motivation to do work, study and chores. Add to that the factor of more time to kill by going online, and the growth of lo-fi music was the result.

 So, what exactly is lo-fi music?

What Are The Characteristics Of Lo-fi Music?

Lo-fi is short for “low fidelity”; so essentially, it’s the opposite of hi-fi, or “high fidelity”. 

Hi-fi refers to clear, high-quality sound which reproduces the original source as closely as possible. Lo-fi music is therefore a lower quality reproduction of sound. It will include audio distortions such as background noise and phonographic imperfections like tape hiss and background static of old vinyl.

In 1994, Beck’s single ‘Loser’, which was recorded in a kitchen, reached the Billboard top 10. Lo-fi as a production value really reached a zenith in the nineties, when hip-hop and indie rock artists choose it for economical and stylistic reasons.

These days, the tag ‘lo-fi’ is generally used as a shortened term for ‘lo-fi hip hop’. It’s a form of downtempo electronic music underpinned by hip-hop beats and samples. It often incorporates the kind of chord progressions you find in jazz music, and may also incorporate elements of chillwave and house music.

The overall effect is a relaxed, dreamy sound with retro elements. Samples are often taken from old films. This gives it a cosy, often nostalgic vibe, ideal to relax to or as ‘bedroom music’.

Where Did Lo-fi Hip Hop Come From?

The birth of modern lo-fi music as a style is often credited to chillhop artist Nujabes, and the hip-hop pioneer J Dilla.

A fun side note: Nujabes worked on the soundtrack for anime series Samurai Shamploo. So, if you were wondering what the link was between lo-fi and anime, this is where it all began. Anime remains a visual element of many YouTube livestreams.

The melody from Nujabes’ ‘Aruarian Dance’ is a commonly used sample in lo-fi

The actual emergence of lo-fi hip hop began in 2013, with the debut of livestream channels on YouTube. These livestream channels enabled artists to create what are essentially radio stations, with a never-ending flow of music. Many lo-fi artists also began curating playlists, and you can find many examples of these on Youtube and Spotify.

In 2015, the Lofi Girl Youtube channel was born, back then known as ChilledCow. This lo-fi hip hop radio station has become the most famous and successful lo-fi livestream ever, with over 1 billion views and over 10 million subscribers to date.

Lofi Girl is the most popular lo-fi livestream on Youtube

Why Is Lo-fi Music Popular?

Lo-fi music has the dual qualities of being relaxing, but also helping you to focus. It makes excellent background music for study, reading and chores, or just to chill out to.

Many livestreams, such as Lofi Girl, also have a chat function, so they provide a place to hang out for people seeking connection, with many users opening up about personal issues.

Many lo-fi playlists you’ll find on platforms like YouTube and Spotify really place emphasis on creating a ‘safe space’ for the listener. They promise to whisk you away you to secret, serene environments or moments in time, whether that’s an evening in a cosy bedroom, a moment to reflect on a quiet rooftop, or deep in a mysterious forest.

Many more people work and study from home these days. Without a dedicated workspace or office, lo-fi music helps create a kind of cocoon that reduces outside distractions and, due to its downtempo, calming properties, helps reduce anxiety. It helps people to manage their environment.

The retro hip-hop beats and sound effects, such as record scratching or the sound of a muffled voicemail, amplify the feeling of comfort and nostalgia – feeing the need as we sometimes do for a nostalgic, safe space to retreat.

The world is crazy right now, after all. When we have fears about the future, the past is often a safe place to escape to.